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What is Gynecomastia?

What is Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is a medical condition in the male breast glands that causes enlarged breast tissue in men and teenage boys. Colloquially, this condition may be referred to as "man boobs." In most cases, gynecomastia is not a health concern, but a cosmetic matter. However, don't write it off as simply a vanity issue. Many men with gynecomastia experience serious psychological effects, including lack of self-confidence and embarrassment in social settings.

Common Causes of Gynecomastia

Experts believe there are five primary gynecomastia causes:

  • Hormonal factors
  • Certain medications (e.g., anabolic steroids, antidepressants)
  • Illicit drugs and alcohol (e.g., amphetamines, heroin, marijuana, methadone)
  • Diseases and health problems (e.g., hyperthyroidism, kidney or liver disease)
  • Over-the-counter products containing certain herbs (that cause "estrogenic activity")

Am I a Candidate for Male Breast Reduction Surgery?

Not everyone is a candidate for male breast reduction. Our specialists will evaluate candidates on a case-by-case basis. However, there are some general characteristics that good candidates share. In general, suitable gynecomastia surgery candidates:

  • Are in good physical and mental health
  • Are of a relatively normal weight
  • Have reasonable expectations of the surgical outcome (i.e., improvement, not necessarily perfection)
  • Experience psychological effects from having excessive breast tissue

Learn more about candidates for gynecomastia surgery.

Male Breast Reduction Surgery

Enlarged male breasts can be reduced with liposuction and/or surgical excision of excess glandular tissue. On average, surgery takes about two hours, and is performed using either general or local anesthesia. The precise surgical approach that our New York gynecomastia surgeons will employ depends on the individual case, the patient's anatomy and personal goals.

Learn more about what's involved in male breast reduction surgery.

Recovering from Male Breast Reduction Surgery

Gynecomastia recovery commonly involves mild to moderate swelling and bruising, as well as a tight or tender feeling in the chest. These side effects are only temporary, and will subside over time. Most men are able to return to work and light exercise within several days of surgery.

Benefits of Gynecomastia Surgery

Removing excess male breast tissue and creating a firmer, more masculine-looking chest can have a significant impact on the way a man feels about his body and appearance. After recovering from surgery, our gynecomastia patients usually feel much more confident around other people. They are also more comfortable when wearing tight workout clothing and going shirtless.

Gynecomastia FAQs

It's common for candidates to have many questions about gynecomastia and male breast reduction surgery. There is no such thing as a "stupid" or trivial question when discussing surgery. Read through the most commonly asked questions about male breast reduction.

Meet Our Male Breast Reduction Surgeons

If you would like to learn more about gynecomastia surgery, we invite you to call our New York City office at 212-206-0023 or our Long Island office at 631-499-1831. A member of our team can answer your questions and schedule a male breast reduction consultation at one of our offices.